A metallurgical microscope, also metallographic or simply metallograph, is used for inspecting, identifying, measuring microscopic metal grain structures.
Because of its ability to study objects with highly polished surfaces like metals, a metallurgical microscope is different from other microscopes. Due to the various possible applications of a metallurgical microscope, buying one would give you a multipurpose investment. The many metallurgical microscopes will allow them to explore different fields and broaden their knowledge with just one tool. The study of metals and alloys and more specifically metallography, the microscopic examination of metals and alloys, a metallurgical microscope, especially a high end one, is generally equipped to provide great help in other fields of materials science as well. Metallography is the study of metal and alloys. Metallurgical microscope can help in knowing objects through its physical structure and properties. Metallography, in this art and science field, metal surfaces are prepared for microscopic analyses either by etching, polishing, or grinding the object in order to show its microstructure. Identifying properties and processing conditions of a metal or alloy sample with a metallographic analysis is what an expert in metallography can do.
Archaeometallurgy, a subfield under metallurgy and archaeology, archaeometallurgy is the study of the history of metal use and production. With proper education and adequate experience, you can study a prehistoric metal object with a metallurgical microscope and be able to determine its processing condition and use. Crystallography, many material scientists use crystallography to help them in various kinds of research. Single crystal provides vital information about the crystalline arrangement of its atoms because a crystal’s natural shape usually reflects its atomic structure. Crystallography also helps in deciphering defects in crystals and developing preventive and rehabilitative measures for them. One of the key in identifying and understanding physical properties of many objects is crystallography. A metallurgical microscope will reveal the plate-like structure of clay and further study will show that its very structure is the cause of its easily moldable characteristic. Phase identification and enumeration of symmetry patterns in a given object can also be achieved with crystallography.
A wonderful and interesting field under mineralogy is gemology. Gemology, the art, science, and profession of identifying and evaluating precious stones, may not be one of the primary applications of metallurgical microscopes but the latter is adequately equipped to answer basic questions in gemology. Properly educated and licensed gemologists would need post-graduate training and work experience in order to become a licensed appraiser as well. An appraiser has the ability to attach a monetary value to a certain gemstone or jewelry piece. The specialization is based on the type of gemstones. You can use your metallurgical microscope, for instance, to become adept in studying rubies or diamonds. Just the natural and well known gemstones lsike diamonds, sapphires and emeralds were studied. The applications of gemology have as well expanded to include them. Now, it’s important for gemologists to identify if a gemstone is natural or synthetic, fracture-filled, treated, and color-enhanced. In determining series of events leading to an accident or a questionable incident and determine the cause of a malfunctioning product or structure, the forensic metallurgy offers a great help. For forensic metallurgy, a special type of compound metallurgical microscope is used to be able to compare two samples or specimens with each other.